BKHD № 2 (2) 2019

Healing of the Arsenite Schism in 1310 and St.Athanasios I, Patriarch of Constantinople

Mikhail A. Vishnyak
PhD in Theology
St. Sergius of Radonezh Orthodox Gymnasium, Executive Assistant to Head of School 26а Clubnaya, Sergiev Posad 141300, Russia
gweharall@gmail.com

For citation: Vishnyak, Mikhail A. “Healing of the Arsenite Schism in 1310 and St. Atha- nasios I, Patriarch of Constantinople”. Bible and Christian Antiquity, vol. 2, no. 2, 2019, pp. 177-194. (In Russian) doi: 10.31802/2658-4476-2019-2-2-177-194

Abstract. In this article, the A. studies the attitude of Patriarch St. Athanasius I of Con- stantinople (1289–1293; 1303–1309) to the agreement of 1310, which ended the Arsenite schism (1265–1310). The A. treats the views of Patriarch Athanasius on ways of reconciliation, expressed by him before his second renunciation of the patriarchate (1309), whose main idea is the true repentance of schismatics, expressed, in particular, in the rejection of personal bene- fits. It is possible that Patriarch Athanasius found out about the plans of Emperor Andronicus II to compromise with the Arsenites and wrote him two letters about this, in which he tries to over-persuade the Emperor. To understand the reasons for the rejection of the reconciliation, the A. propose to refer to the concept of φρόνημα («way of thinking») on the basis of a comparison of the use of this concept by St. Athanasius and in the anti-Arsenite sermons of St. Theoleptos of Philadelphia. One of the possible reasons for the rejection of the reconciliation of 1310 by these two hierarchs could be a violation of the formula of St. Theoleptos «One Faith — One way of thinking (φρόνημα) — One Church».

Keywords: Patriarch Athanasius I of Constantinople,Theoleptos of Philadelphia,Arsenites, Arsenite schism, anti-schismatic literature, schism, fronema, Patriarch Niphon I of Constantinople.
Late Byzantine theology and polemics