BKHD № 1 (1) 2019

Allegorical Interpretation of the Holy Scripture in Qumran Scrolls' Pesharim

Allegorical Interpretation of the Holy Scripture in Qumran Scrolls' Pesharim 

Ilia S. Veviurko 
PhD in Philosophy
Senior Teacher of Philosophy of Religion and Religion Studies Department of MSU 119234, Moscow, Leninskie Gory, Lomonosov MSU
Shuvalovsky Building, department of Philosophy

For citation: Veviurko, Ilia S. "Allegorical Interpretation of the Holy Scripture in Qumran Scrolls' Pesharim". Bible and Сhristian Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 1, 2019, pp. 163–184. (In Russian) doi: 10.31802/2658-4476-2019-1-1-163-184 

Abstract. The article deals with a problem of allegoresis as a means of interpretation of the Scriptura Sacra in Qumran. Though an allegorical method is considered to be the hallmark of the Alexandrian school with its pronounced Hellenistic substrate, we can see that Qumran lit- erature, which arose mainly in the context of eschatological reading of prophetic books, actively uses it in the pesharim. Initially, the allegorical method of interpretation becomes relevant pro- vided that all other types of interpretation do not work as be expected by the author. Allegoresis is marked by a strong inner logic, used by the author for extracting of the more deep aspects of the text. Based on biblical allusions, as well as the chain of interchangeable related mean- ings, the allegoresis of pesharim sets its goal in revealing of the symbolic content of prophetic books, actualizing them in the modern interpreter's situation. At the same time, Qumran exegetes use hermeneutical ways present in the Holy Scripture (especially in the New Testament), which makes their texts valuable for understanding the internal biblical hermeneutics in its original context. 

Keywords: Bible, Qumran, Old Testament, allegory, allegoresis, interpretation, exegetics, pesher. 
Intertestamental literature