BKHD № 2 (6) 2020

Transfiguration: Theology and Iconography

Anatoly A. Alexeev
Doctor of Philology
Professor at the Department of Biblical Studies at the Saint-Petersburg State University Universitetskaya naberezhnaya 7/9, Saint-Petersburg 199034, Russia alexeev.anatoly@gmail.com

For citation: Alexeev, Anatoly A. “Transfiguration: Theology and Iconography”. Bible and Christian Antiquity, No 2 (6), 2020, pp. 132–154 (in Russian). DOI: 10.31802/2658-4476-2020-2-6- 132-154

Abstract. The paper deals with a theology of Transfiguration. It points out its mutual theo- logical affinity with the Baptism and Gethsemane Agony scenes within Synoptic Gospels as well as with Glorification in John 12. The first artistic image of Transfiguration in the Basilica di Sant’ Apollinare in Classe, about 550, presents a theologically generalized image of Jesus by means of allegory, whereas the next attempt in St Katharina of Sinai, about 565, tends to overcome sym- bolism and allegory by means of iconography.

Keywords: theology of Transfiguration, Glorification (John 12), Christian visual art, mosaics of Rome, Tabor and Sinai, allegory, symbol.
The Bible and iconography