Saint Cyril of Alexanria. The Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (from the Catenae)
Translation from Greek, Intoduction and Commentary
Hieromonk Theodor (Yulaev)
MA in Theology
Senior Teacher of Philology Department of Moscow Theological Academy Holy Trinity-St. Sergius Lavra, Sergiev Posad 141300, Russia email@example.com
For citation: "Cyril of Alexanria, St. The Commentary on the Epistle to the Romans (from the Catenae)". Translation from Greek, Intoduction and Commentary by Hieromonk Theodor (Yula- ev). Bible and Сhristian Antiquity, vol. 1, no. 1, 2019, pp. 39–117. (In Russian) doi: 10.31802/2658- 4476-2019-1-1-39-117
Abstract. The publication presents a Russian translation of the surviving part of the Greek Catens «Interpretation of the Epistle to the Romans» St. Cyril of Alexandria. The Preface indicates the initial form of interpretation is determined and with the help of additional sources it is concluded that it was an exegetic comment divided into «volumes». On the basis of the con- tent of the treatise, the question of its dating is solved and it is indicated that the absence of the Nestorian dispute means that it was written before 429, and the features of the triadological terminology allow to date it not earlier than the beginning of writing «Dialogues about the Holy Trinity» (412 or 423). Examines the hermeneutical principles of the Saint and an overview of the content of the interpretation. It is noted that it is devoted almost exclusively to the issues of so- teriology: the spread and action of sin in the descendants of Adam, the powerlessness of the law of Moses in the fight against sin and the meaning of the law, the house-building of the incarnate Word, God's Providence towards the Jewish people and pagans, human freedom, which does not negate the foreknowledge of God.
Keywords: St. Cyril of Alexandria, Epistle to the Romans, Patristic exegesis, Catenae, ha- martiology, soteriology.